President Bush and the Iraqi government signed a long term deal intended to establish a future security arrangement that closely resembles the types of troop presence agreements that stabilized Postwar Germany, Japan, and Korea.
The plan discusses permanent bases outside of population centers with troop levels around 50,000, down from the current surge levels of 160,000. The Iraqis expressed a desire for a UN authorization of increased sovereignty and new bilateral arrangements with the Multi-national countries.
Iran and Syria are opposed to the deal because of the longterm presence of American troops in the center of the Mideast Region. It is believed that Saudi Arabia and Egypt will be opposed because they may envision a mideast where their past role as American's most important allies is reduced.