Jean Henri Dunant
Founder, Red Cross; Geneva Convention, Human rights.
Born: May 8, 1828 in Geneva
Died: October 30, 1910 in Heiden
Also known as Henry Dunant or Henri Dunant, Jean Henri was a Swiss businessman and social activist.
During a business trip in 1859, he was witness to the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino in modern day Italy. He recorded his memories and experiences in the book "A Memory of Solferino" which became the inspiration for the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1863.
The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on Dunant's ideas and in 1901 he received the first Nobel Peace Prize together with Frédéric Passy.